Fitting is one component of piping that has a function to change flow, spread flow, enlarge or shrink flow. Fitting is one of the main players in piping system, so we will always use this component. To find out an overview of the use of fittings in piping, it’s a good idea to read the history and basic theories of piping
Fitting is not a name for an individual, but a name used for grouping. Because in the fitting itself there are various other components of piping, which you must understand one by one the functions and uses.
Fitting based on the installation method consists of flange, thread, shock installation
Of the types of fittings above screw fittings are the ones most often used for industrial, marine and hotel piping systems. By using this type of fitting the connecting pipe can be reopened. And this makes it easy for the repair or maintenance process.
As for the shape, fittings are divided into:
Adaptors connect pipes that are not the same type. Because an adaptor can be male or female on one end, it can turn a pipe male or female.
If ends are non-threaded, they are left to be welded, soldered or glued to the pipe. Adaptors are used for PVC and copper piping.
A barb connects hoses to pipes. It is usually male at one end. The other has a barbed tube, which is a ridged and tapered cone.
it may also have a type of clamp to keep it secure. Barbs are made of plastic if they carry cold water and brass if they carry hot water.
A coupling makes it easy to connect two pipes that have the same diameter and are the same type. It’s also used to repair a broken or leaking pipe. Along with a normal coupling, two other types are the compression coupling and slip coupling.
The compression fitting is connected between two pipes via rubber seals or gaskets on both sides which prevents leaking. A slip coupling includes two pipes, one of which slides out of the other pipe to a various length, to repair a specific length of damaged pipe.
A cross fitting has openings on all four of its ends and can connect four pipes. Cross fittings come with three inlets and an outlet or three outlets and an inlet.
Because they are the connecting point for four pipes, they are under more stress than other types of fittings and typically built tougher than other fittings.
Double Tapped Bushing
This is a type of nipple, but it has threading on both the inside and the outside. Because this center hole is threaded (tapped) from both top and bottom, it’s referred to as double-tapped.
A double tapped bushing is also a type of reducer, but does not have a reducer’s flexibility. A double tapped bushing is usually female.